Category Archives: Technology

Ways to Diagnose a Broken Computer

download-6When Computers Break
Computers make our lives better in so many ways, but when they fail they can be indescribably frustrating. Increasingly, many of us have a good portion of our lives on the computer. From our important documents, pictures, and files to our music and movies to the games and other activities that we choose to spend time on, the computer is the location of a huge percentage of contemporary life. When your computer breaks, it can feel a lot like being stuck in a place where you don’t want to be. Without the computer, so much of what you do on a day-to-day basis is suddenly unavailable. The good news is, by following a few easy steps you should be able to avoid panicking and head down the road to repairing your machine.

Turn off the Internet
The first step when you are having serious computer trouble is to avoid making the problem worse. This can be difficult if you have no idea what the problem is, but there are a few tricks you can use make sure you don’t do further damage. First, if you still have access to the internet, disable it until you are sure the problem isn’t caused by a virus. If you do have a virus, it’s important that you don’t allow it to contact other computers or exchange information over the internet. After you have disabled the internet, you can run full system scans for viruses and malware. If you don’t have free antivirus and anti-malware programs already installed, do that as soon as possible, so you are prepared in the event of a computer problem.

Retrace Your Steps
After you have ruled out viruses and malware as the cause of your computer issue, it is usually safe to turn the internet back on. This will allow you to search message boards and tech support forums for advice on how to deal with your specific problem. Before you do that, however, consider what you were doing when the problem began, and what you did in the few minutes, hours, or days prior to the start of the issue. Retracing your steps this way will help you narrow down the problem. You may be able to identify what caused the problem just by thinking about what happened before.

Reverse Any Recent Changes
As you retrace your steps, ask yourself these questions: Did I install anything recently? Did I change any system or program settings recently? Did I update any software or drivers recently? Did I install any new hardware or external devices (like a new mouse or keyboard) recently? If you answer “Yes” to any of these questions, there is a good chance that your recent changes are the cause of the problem. There are several reasons that changes like this can cause issues, including compatibility conflicts or registry errors. Try reversing your changes if possible. Uninstall any recently installed programs, reset settings to defaults, or go back to old versions of drivers or software. After doing this, restart the computer to see if the issue is resolved.

Restart in Safe Mode
If your computer trouble prevents you from opening programs or accessing the internet, consider running your operating system in Safe Mode. In Safe Mode, you will be unable to do many of the things you normally do on your computer, but you may regain the ability to uninstall programs or reverse any changes that could be causing issues. If your problem is caused by an issue in the Windows registry, you may be able to repair the registry using a utility or free program in Safe Mode.

Diagnose Faulty RAM
In the event that your computer does not turn on at all, there are still a few things you can do to diagnose the problem before you resort to taking it to a repair technician. One common cause of computers not turning on is faulty RAM, or memory. If you are confident opening up your computer and removing the RAM, do this, trying to turn the computer on with one chip at a time and alternating which RAM slots you put them in. If the computer turns on, one of your RAM chips is faulty and you can replace it yourself. If this is not the problem, it is likely that you have another hardware issue.

Don’t Forget to Back Up Data!
If you are unfamiliar with computer hardware, it is best to take the computer to a repair technician at this point. However, if you feel comfortable repairing them yourself, connect to the internet using another computer and search for instructions and advice. The internet is a wonderful resource for repairing computers and you can find a solution to almost any problem online. One last word of advice: remember to back up your important data! Even if your computer is running fine now, you could run into trouble at any time. Good backups will pay off in the long run!

Good luck! Our articles may be useful for you.

Tips to Buy Cheap Computers

If my computing needs are modest and my budget is tight what do I do? Is it possible for me to find a choice from among cheap computers that will enable me to browse, email, do photo editing and spreadsheet tracking? Well, the answer is a big yes. The great news is, today you can get used and refurbished computers in good working condition at great bargain prices. There is no need for you to spend a fortune by buying a new one from among the highly hyped top of the line brands if a refurbished machine does the job good enough for you. But before you hop in to buy the first cheap computer that comes to your notice, take note of the following important pointers.

Evaluate the Processor

A processor is the heart of a computer. So when you are assessing cheap computers look for Dual-core processors, specifically the AMD Athlon X2 or Intel Pentium Dual Core Models. Though single core processors can throw up dirt cheap models, Dual-core types will stand you in good stead for multi-tasking jobs.

Get to know the operating system in the refurbished computer. The operating system also referred to as O/S, is the master brain of a computer that controls the hardware, controls the software and provides you with the means to control the computer.

Select a RAM of at least 2GB capacity. A lesser one will slow down your system considerably.

Assess Hard Disk Storage

Good news is you can get cheap computers at bargain prices having storage capacity of 250-400 GB. Anything less than that will be inadequate for tasks such as downloading photos, listening to music, and watching videos. Do not forget to look for a computer having the DVD burning feature.

Weigh In the Peripherals

You may need a monitor, a key board and a mouse unless you have all these from your previous set. You may get a budget set with all these items at bargain prices. Even if you do not, hardware accessories are always available at very reasonable prices, so keep a tag to budget for these items.

Choose the Right Software

When you are zeroing your choice from among the cheap computers, select the software applications you need carefully. Software applications are the basic guides of your computer. Ensure the software versions you buy are compliant with the operating system installed with the refurbished computer.

The computers market will usually display the following three ranges of computer systems.

* High-end computer

* Mid-range computer

* Standard computer

Cheap computers generally fall into the standard category. Yet, entrepreneurs for their business needs can spot refurbished mid-range and high end computers by bargain hunting. Create your own specification suited to your needs and then shop around a bit. Do not forget to look for the following.

* Warrantee: Do not buy one unless it has a warrantee for the components and labor.

* Money-Back Guarantee: Understand the return policy of your cheap computers seller because you may change your mind any time after you buy an item.

Discontinued Models

Manufacturers often have brand new laptop computers that did not sell. These are referred to as discontinued models. If you are not a stickler for latest brands, getting an inexpensive discontinued model is not a bad idea at all.

Whichever way, the cheap computers market is flooded with umpteen models and brands. You can be sure there is one for your needs.

Ways to Compress a File

File compression is a method in which large files are compressed into smaller-sized files, which is supported by a specific compression software. This is a very useful method if you want to email several files or folders which are large in size. You just need to compress files in a particular folder and send it via email. To access those files, the receiver will need to have the same software with which the files have been compressed.

He needs to open the files and folders in the compression software, and then extract them to convert them to their original format. Even if the files are compressed into a smaller size, their quality remains the same. File compression is definitely a useful way to save space. There are many software available in the market which are specially intended to be used for the purpose of compressing files. Below are some software and methods used for this purpose.

Compressing a File Using WinRAR

WinRAR is also a very famous tool used for file compression. You can download its trial version from the Internet. Even if the trial period expires, you can still use it without any issues, but you will get a smaller window notifying that the trial period has expired. To start with the file compression process, run the WinRAR application and click on the ‘Add’ icon which is on the top left of the application window. Name the file to store compressed files, and select the compression format. It is recommended that you choose the .rar format, as its compression rate is much higher than the .zip format. After selecting the format, click on the ‘File’ menu and add the files you want to compress. Press the ‘OK’ button to start the compression process. A rar extractor can be used to retrieve the files. In this way you can make large-sized files into smaller-sized ones without affecting the original quality.

Like the above mentioned software, there are many other file compression applications that are available in the market. I hope this article would have provided useful information on how to compress files.

Compressing a File Using WinZip

WinZip is considered the best file compression tool, and is used by a majority of people all over the world. Its trial version can be downloaded from the Internet for free. It certainly does the job in an efficient manner. It compresses the files selected, and puts them together in a single file which is known as a .zip file. This file is way smaller in size than the original files’ size, and takes up less memory space. If you then want to view the contents in the file, you need to run the WinZip software and unzip or extract the files. This process may sound confusing at first, but it is really a very simple task.

Run the WinZip application, and select the ‘New’ icon which is at the upper left hand corner of the application window. Choose a folder or a drive where you would prefer to save the .zip file. You will have to name the compressed file before adding files to the archive. After naming the file, a new window will appear that will allow you to add a file that you want to compress. For adding multiple files, you need to click on the ‘add’ icon. As you keep adding multiple files, the files are compressed and stored in the folder which you named for storing compressed files. When all the selected files have been compressed, you may click on ‘File’ option, and select ‘close archive’.

Become a Good Database Administrator

A database administrator’s prime job is to manage and coordinate the functioning of an organizations databases. They are also responsible for monitoring and maintaining the databases, and improving its performance from time to time. Database Administrator (DBA) is also known as ‘database coordinator’ or ‘database programmer’.

In most organizations, their job description consists of establishment of new databases and incorporating them for better user access. They prepare a set of guidelines establishing the needs of users and monitor database performance to provide fast query responses. Database testing is also carried out by these administrators to check for errors, if any, and correct them accordingly. This is necessary to make sure that employees do not face any problems while performing their tasks. Their responsibility includes ensuring data integrity and security, and implementing backup and recovery plans. Being knowledgeable in the field of database administration, these professionals also conduct interviews for candidates applying for this important post. Post selection, they also train the candidates so that they contribute positively to the company’s growth.

Becoming a Database Administrator

To become a DBA, one must be aware of the following educational requirements.

  • You require a good knowledge of computers and basic technical knowledge. So, you should start by taking technically-oriented subjects in high school.
  • A master’s degree in the above fields can help you get jobs in top-notch companies.
    Analytical, mathematical, and good communication skills along with problem solving, troubleshooting abilities are a must for this job. Therefore, try to inculcate these qualities to be a part of this industry.
  • Obtain a bachelor’s degree in the fields of computer science, information technology, or management information systems (MIS).
  • CMDBA – Certified MySQL Database Administrator, CMDEV – Certified MySQL Developer, and MCITP – Microsoft Certified IT Professional are some well-known certifications which you should get to improve your chances of getting a job in a good company.

Initially, you will join a company as a junior database administrator and get promoted to the senior level position after a few years of experience. Finally, you can become the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) after ten years of experience or more.

Average Salary

The salary largely depends on the total years of experience of the candidate, educational qualifications, certifications, location of job, and the type of employer. Initially, the salary can be in the range of USD 35,000 to USD 50,000 per year for those who have less than two years of experience. For those with an experience of two to six years, the salary can be between USD 40,000 to USD 65,000 per year. For seniors with an experience of eight to ten years, the salary can range between USD 70,000 to USD 100,000 per year; for a person working as the Chief Technology Officer, the salary can be a stunning USD 225,000 per year.

From the above information, it is clear that this is one of the best careers in the information technology sector. Apart from the monetary aspects, the job is very challenging and it offers ample scope for a fast career growth.

Find an Expert For Computer Repair

We’ve all had it happen to us. You are working on a report for school or typing to meet a deadline. Perhaps you are in the middle of a very important conversation by email and that is when it happens. You are sure your computer hates you or has some sort of plan to make you fail in school, lose your job or get completely misunderstood by whomever you were talking with by email. The computer locks up, slows down and then gives you an error message or, worst yet, it dies completely! Is it a hardware malfunction? Maybe you are having a problem with the software. Have you got a virus? Whatever the problem, when you are looking for computer repair in Scottsdale, there are so many places to turn. We are certainly blessed to live in an area rich with individuals and companies equipped to handle the needs of an average computer user.

While some of you techno-geeks out there would sooner drive your computer to a repair shop than hand over the keys to your home to a stranger, most of us need someone else’s help when repairing our computers. If I tried to pop the back off my computer tower and identify the hard drive, I would be at a complete loss. I am more likely to correctly identify Disney channel music or the scent of a sippie cup lost under the back seat of my minivan. Of course, maybe I could have my 11-year-old repair the computer. Maybe next time!

There are plenty of big name chain stores offering computer repair in Scottsdale. On the opposite end of the spectrum, there are mom & pop stores with local people making their living from doing computer repairs and service in Scottsdale. And there are plenty of other places to fit everything in between! While usually the best way to find a good repairperson for the job you need done is a recommendation from a friend, sometimes that is just not possible. Maybe it is the middle of the night. Perhaps you just moved to Scottsdale and don’t know anyone local. Or maybe you just need to hurry up and get it fixed without spending the time to talk to local friends or posting something to your Facebook wall and waiting for responses. In that case, here are some specifics on some local places you can go for computer service and repairs in Scottsdale.

When you need computer repair in Scottsdale, look for a company that offers a variety of services. Find a company that promises to handle any kind of computer issue imaginable: viruses, spyware, adware & malware removal, upgrades, Internet issues, and restoration of lost data. There are loads of places for the techno-challenged (like me!) to take your computer for service in the Scottsdale area.

Starting Own Computer Repair Business

Starting your own computer repair business is much simpler than you might think. If you are the type of person who fixes computers for friends or for yourself but you are not being paid for it, then you might want to think about starting a business.

Thousands of people across the country run businesses out of their home, repairing computers is no different. In order to start this business, you will need a few simple tools and some basic knowledge. Chances are if you are the person people call to fix their computers than you already possess the knowledge needed.

Running the business out of your home is simple. Run a cheap advertising campaign consisting of using printed fliers and word-of-mouth advertising. While you are waiting for the customers to start trickling in, call around to local computer repair shops to get an idea what they charge. Once you know what your competition charges, undercut them by as much as 50% to drum up business.

You will not need any computer workstations until you begin to get multiple clients at the same time. In most circumstances, you will be going over to someone’s home to remove some spyware or a diagnosis a virus. Additionally, you will also be able to offer your computer technician skills to install upgrades such as a new hard drive or a stick of RAM.

Sometimes it will be necessary to take the computer to your home to diagnose issues that are more difficult. In this situation, you should charge for your time and any parts you need to use to repair the computer fully. Do not be afraid to charge money for a valuable service skill that you are providing to your local town. Before you know it, you will have a steady stream of supplemental income.


Ways to Learn Computer Programming

Computer programming is one the most exciting fields to work in. Millions of lines of code are written each day, all over the world, bringing in new applications and software. If you are eager to become a programmer and tap the potential which your computer puts at your fingertips, it’s time you began thinking about learning programming on your own. If you enjoy thinking analytically and solving puzzles, as well as problems of all sorts, programming is bound to give you a high. The key to learning programming is to master programming languages and learn to apply them to solve complex problems.

The standard way of learning to program is to get admission into a college and get a degree in computer science. However, there are many who can never make it to college, despite having the skills and the talent for analytical thinking. I have written this article for those of you who never went to college but have discovered the beauty of programming and would like to master it on your own. This is possible today as Internet and the open source movement has created a programming culture online, which can guide you in the process. With self discipline and persistence, you can teach yourself programming and enjoy writing your own software. Not only is it a great way to exercise your mind, who knows, you might even make money, by selling your own software one day or find employment with software firms, if you get really good at it.

How to Learn Computer Programming Without a College Degree?

Computer science is a tough field to master, but it can give you the most enjoyable and creative experiences ever. Here are a few guidelines on how to become a computer programmer.

Learn Programming Languages
Firstly, get hold of a desktop or laptop computer, which enables you to read and execute your programs. Programing is all about learning to communicate with your computer hardware to accomplish various computing tasks. Computer only understands machine language, written in 1s and 0s. For us humans, to communicate with computers, programing languages were created, whose code can be converted into machine readable form by compilers. There are a range of programing languages which vary in their applications and power. You will have to learn at least a dozen essential programming languages, which includes C, C++, Java, Perl, Lisp and Python.

To get your computer programing basics right, start learning C or Python at the start. Use online resources and the hundreds of good books on programming to get the basics. Install the compilers that the language requires for writing code and execute it on your computer. Work through examples and problems provided in books and online tutorials, to write your own code. One of the best books to start learning C is ‘Programming in C’ by Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan. Another good book is Programing in C by Kochan.

Get a hang of C and then graduate over to object oriented programming that is made possible by C++. Then get a hang of Java, Perl and Javascript, which is extensively used in client side programing for web development. Learn HTML and server side scripting if you plan to get into web development. As you can see, there is a lot to learn and it will take at least 5 to 6 years to get well grounded in most languages. Take help from online tutorials and courses offered by institutes like MIT through their OpenCourseWare.

Start Writing Code
The best way to learn is to practice what you have learned. Write your own code, make mistakes, learn how to debug code. Participate in coding competitions and test your programming skills. Get hold of open source software, read the code and understand how good programs are written. Learn how master programmers achieve economy of code and the logical clarity that makes great programs. Get to know your computer and the hardware basics. Learn how the computer works at the basic levels with memory and processors.

Learn to Run Unix or Linux
You cannot call yourself a programmer until you have mastered using Linux and Unix operating systems. Install a Linux distribution like Ubuntu on your computer and tinker around with it. It will provide you with all the programing tools you need, along with compilers.

Apprentice Expert Programmers
Let expert programmers take you under their wing. Find a good mentor who is ahead on the path of becoming a master computer programmer. Take advice and learn from them.

Read Code, Write Code and Keep Improving
Keep writing your own piece of computer code and keep thinking on how you could improve it. Join the open source movement and analyze the anatomy of good programs. Pick up your domain of expertise and go deep. Remember that there is always room for improvement!

Let there be no illusions that programming is an easy task. It will take ten to fifteen years at least for you to attain a level where you can start calling yourself a complete programmer. Your success in programming is directly proportional to the dedication and persistence you put into your learning. As suggested before, master at least a dozen programming languages including C, C++, Java, Lisp, Python, Perl and Javascript, read and understand new code, keep attacking newer computing challenges and grow as a programmer. The aim of this Buzzle article on how to learn computer programing was to give you a nudge in the right direction. I hope that this objective has been attained in some measure. Free your mind and enter the matrix of programming world with gusto!

Choosing a Good Forum Software

The Evolution of Internet Forums
The earliest Internet forums were like newsgroups, where people posted comments on someone else’s reply. The modern ones, like you know, are more sophisticated and offer a large variety of features.
Forums are one of the best places online for sharing information, exchanging thoughts, discussing problems, getting help and troubleshooting advice. These are the only places where even extremists can communicate with each other without any bloodshed. From a social point of view, forums are very useful for building a community of people interested in a particular domain. Business owners can also deploy forums where their employees can have discussions about work and the challenges that they are facing. So, if you don’t know anything about forums, read this Buzzle article to know how to choose a forum software.

Selecting a forum software is not very tough if you know what you are looking for. It all depends on what you need. It’s like comparing Windows with Mac OS. Each has its own upsides and downsides. There isn’t a single best forum software. So, before choosing a forum software, you should ask yourself the following questions.
▶ Can it import the contents from my previous forum?
If you are already running a forum and simply want to migrate to a new forum having better performance and more features, then this is the most important question that you should ask to the support staff of the new forum software. Many developers help their clients to migrate to their software. Some software can also import data and settings from different versions of software from different companies.
Good luck to you, if you are ignoring this point!
If you are an IT pro, then you should try to find about the complications involved in migrating from one forum software to the other. You should also research what others using the same platform as yours are using for deploying forums. If you are lucky, then you might find solutions to all of your future problems.
▶ How well does it support customizations?
Almost all popular forum software allow you to customize the way the forum looks. It involves changing background color, font customizations, adding a custom logo, changing footer links, etc. Some software also support emoticons and custom URL structure by default. You should also check if it allows users to customize their profiles with images and GIF avatars, quotes, links, etc. Forum users are very emotional about their profiles and avatars. You better take this seriously.
▶ What type of comments system is best for your community? Threaded or flat?
In forums, the discussions are in the form of posts (comments). So, you need to have some kind of system in place which can differentiate between replies to the topic, or replies to some particular post. There are 2 major kinds of comment systems in place for achieving this:

i.Threaded Comments: In this system, the replies are sorted according to their time of posting and indenting. For e.g.: If User A replies to a comment posted by User B, then his comment will appear just below the comment of User B, slightly indented towards the right irrespective to its posting time. This system is very efficient for smaller communities where people post short replies. Things can soon get messy if a lot of people post long replies to a single comment.
ii.Flat Comments: It sorts comments according to their posting time, and also allows the users to quote someone’s reply while replying back. This is especially good for very large communities. Its main downside is that original commenter won’t know if someone has replied to his comment, but this is usually ignored because in large communities people usually check all the pages of a thread while looking for the required information.

▶ How good is it for SEO?
All the latest forum software allow the content to be indexed by search engines. They are all search engine-friendly. It’s just that some are very good for SEO and some are just okay. You can find this information by reading the reviews of forum software.
▶ Does it permit the users to subscribe to a particular thread?
The forum software should prompt the commenter if he wants to be notified of all comments to the thread by email. Many users find this very useful as it allows them to stay updated with all of information right in their mailbox.
▶ Does it support social media integration and single sign-on?
You should check if the users of your forum would like to share the comments that they post via social networks. You can also reduce the hassle of signing up to your forum by enabling single sign-on (signing-in using social accounts) if your software supports it.
▶ Does it have support for gamification?
Gamification is the greatest way of encouraging people to post good comments and participate in the community. The software should have options for assigning badges, promoting the users’ ability to include links/GIFs in signature, etc.
▶ What kind of permissions and roles can you set?
You should also be able to set permissions for which user is able to view which content. For e.g.: You might want to let the web crawlers index your content but not let a user browse through the content without signing up. You should also be able to put bans in place and give more privileges to some users based on their role and reputation in the community.
▶ Does it have a mobile-friendly design?
These days, people browse the web more often from their mobiles and tablets than using their laptops and desktop computers. It would be better if your forum has a mobile-friendly, i.e., responsive design. Responsive designs can adjust themselves to any screen size and resolutions, thus improving the user experience greatly.
▶ Does it have any form of built-in web analytics?
You can always use traditional web analytics tools like Google Analytics and Clicky, but the data provided by them is not relevant for a forum admin. Many forum software like Vanilla have an built-in analytics tool not only providing data in the form of page views, visits, visits per user, and time on site, but also in the form of number of new users, active users, contributing users, discussions, comments and users per discussions. These insights are highly valuable while formulating a new growth strategy.
▶ Where are the ad slots?
If you plan to earn some money from the forum, then you should always look for those software which have ad slots in prominent spots and support scripts from popular advertising networks. The code should also be easily customizable to add scripts in various other places.
▶ What are the moderation tools like?
The forum software should support inline moderation tools. The moderators should be able to ban and warn users. They should also be able to edit/delete and set some thread/discussions as sticky. A good forum software should also allow the users to report a comment as spammy/racist/inflammatory.

▶ Does it support tagging users?
All forum software support personal messages. The latest ones enable users to tag others, just like Twitter. This can be a very useful feature if you are planning to make a community for troubleshooting problems.
▶ What protection does it have against spam bots?
Just like a website, a forum can also get easily flooded with spam comments. Many software come with in-built anti-spam features which can detect spam. It should also allow the admin to block sign-ups from a range of flagged IP addresses and email ids. Many communities add no-follow attribute to all external links. This helps them in maintaining their ranking in search engines, even if someone replies with a link to a bad website. The software should also have some comment limit in place for new members along with proper flood control.

These are not all but some of the most important questions whose answers will help you in selecting a forum software especially tailored for your needs.

Become a Good Web Developer

The beautifully structured web pages and applications that you use on the Internet are all made available by the design effort of some very creative web developers. Designing web pages and providing functionality through them is an art and if you are planning to join this art troupe, there are a lot of skills that you need to master before you start expressing yourself on the canvas of the world wide web.

Who is a Web Developer?

The web page you see in front of your eyes is an example of the kind of work web developers engage in. Creating, publishing and maintaining aesthetically appealing web pages which provide desired functionality and interactive ability for the users worldwide, through client and server side coding, is the developer’s job. It’s a field where the newest developments become part of history within a few months as better options are brought in. To be a developer is to constantly learn new things and try out new things to create web pages that achieve the desired functionality.

How to Become a Web Developer?

Web developers can be broadly classified into two groups – client side and server side. A web page actually resides on a ‘server’ computer, where it is hosted and made available for viewing for people, 24×7. Whenever you type in the address of a web page in your web browser, a request is sent to the server, which then serves it to the client computer. The web browser reads the code from the server and renders it to display the web page. A client side programmer works on the client side rendering of the page on the web browser, while a server side programmer works on providing the server side functionality that makes availability and functionality of web pages possible. Here are the most important steps.

Learn CSS to Render Beautiful Web Pages
Cascaded style sheets (CSS) is a more specialized language used in rendering the formatting of the web page to create web pages with aesthetic beauty. CSS mastery is an essential part of the training course to become a web developer. CSS works with HTML, XHTML and XML to create elegant web pages.

Master HTML & Web Designing
The Hypertext Markup Language is the most basic thing you need to learn to create a web page. It is the language which is understood by the web browser to display web content in a specific manner. You need to be fluent in writing HTML code to be able to create basic web pages. It’s an extremely simple language to learn and you will surely enjoy working with it. There are plenty of online HTML tutorials and books to help you out. Later you may also dabble into XHTML and XML which are more advanced markup languages.

Learn to Handle Server Side Databases
If you want to have a thorough mastery over all aspects of web development, you need to learn SQL (Simple Query Language) and learn to use database management systems like MySQL that are used in web designing. You may also need to learn Oracle database administration in context of web technologies. You may also need to master advanced technologies like AJAX later as your preparation advances.

Learn Server Side Scripting With PHP, ASP .Net & Java EE
Client side scripting can provide very limited functionality and to deliver special functionality like the one required for hosting a site offering email facility, you require server side scripting. To be able to do that, you have to master PHP, ASP.NET, and JavaEE or at least acquire expertise in any one of the four.

A mastery of Java and Java based server side technologies is essential. You will need to learn basic VBscript too, if you plan to do any serious server side scripting on the .NET platform. Learning to handle server software like Apache and server operating systems like Unix and Linux is also necessary, if you want to double up as a web administrator for the pages you create.

Learn Javascript to Create Interactive Web Pages
All the functionality you see on web pages like handling of forms, online calculators, etc., is made possible by the use of Javascript, a scripting language exclusively developed to provide functionality in web pages. Learning Javascript is essential as it can be used to directly interact with the user.

Get Certified For Web Technologies & Apply for a Job
As you must have realized by now, there is a lot that you need to learn, to even get the basics of web development. A degree in computer science, followed by certification in one of the advanced web technologies like ASP .Net or PHP will provide you with credentials that may help you gain a job in businesses specializing in web development. At least four to five years of experience in using and implementing various web technologies is needed, before you can even call yourself a web developer!

Start right now with the learning process and take your first step in learning HTML, then get a hang of Javascript, play around with both for a while before you go into serious server side scripting in PHP. Keep coding to create elegant web pages, that provide sublime functionality. Keep browsing the web and check out new experiments of master web developers, ponder upon the way in which they must have achieved the desired functionality and try to learn from them.

Keep updating your skill base with the newest developments like AJAX which can provide extreme power to create even better web pages. Keep experimenting, learning coding and spinning your new ‘web’ pages, to get better at it. Sooner or later as you get better at what you do, with experience, opportunities for employment and projects will walk towards you. Here’s me wishing you with all the very best in becoming a web developer who will add more beautiful pages to the world wide web, that enrich its ever-increasing store of information and facilities. In the process, you will empower millions of Internet users with knowledge and means to stay connected with the world.

Ways to Become a Good Computer Programmer

You are reading this web page right now because of millions of lines of programming code, written to make the working of the world wide web, the web browser, and your operating system possible. The virtual world of the Internet and the graphic user interface of your operating system, is a product of programming code.

Becoming a programmer is all about learning to solve problems creatively and analytically. Every advanced electronic device has embedded software inside, which makes its working possible. Right from your digital watch, to your smartphone and your computer, embedded programming code, along with the embedded computer chips, make all the functioning of these devices possible. The unsung but well-paid heroes, who put in their logic, in creation of these software programs, are the programmers.

Becoming a Programmer

Know what you are getting into before deciding to become a programmer. What does it mean to become one? It is about creating an algorithm or a sequence of instructions, for the electronic brain of the computer (computer chip) to follow, in order to get a specific task done. To be a programmer is to think for the computer and make automation possible.

Develop Your Analytical Skills
One of the necessary skills is the ability to think on your own and solve problems. You need to train your mind to arrive at a solution to a problem, in the shortest possible way. An attitude to analyze a problem, formulate a strategy, and execute it with precision, to find a solution, is what is needed.

Get a Degree in Computer Programming
For this IT job, although formal education is not necessary, it helps if you have it. You need to score well in your SAT tests, to be able to find a good undergraduate school, that teaches advanced computer science. It is one of the requirements to be a programmer that you get specialized knowledge of computer science, in the form of a postgraduate degree, where you can get access to some of the software programming pundits.

Learn Programming Languages
To solve a problem in computing, you need to develop an algorithm first and then translate it into a machine language for the computer to understand. The algorithm needs to be written in a programming language and then needs to be further converted into a machine level language, which your computer understands through an interpreter program. You need to know more than one computer programming languages, that are used for different purposes.

If your logic is sound, expressing it in any programming language, shouldn’t be a problem. Start with ‘C’ or Python, and then move over to object oriented languages like C++ and Java. You may need to learn newer languages for certain application like Perl or Lisp. You need to practice writing programs in various languages, to get a hang of it. All computer programs, including antivirus software and computer operating systems, began from scratch, as programming code.

Begin a Start-up or Join a Software Company
Once you are qualified enough, you are ready to take on real world computing problems and enter the field of software development. You could either start up your own software company or join one that pays you a big fat salary. What is most important is to expand your skills, through exposure to computing problems of various kinds and on various platforms.

What makes a good programmer is the child-like zest to solve problems and riddles. It requires a creative bent of mind to solve complex problems. If you love solving analytical problems of any kind and enjoy the process of creation, you will love computer programming. I wish you all the very best.